Finland holds seven Unesco World Heritage sites of which six are cultural and one is natural.
Most of the sites were inscribed in the 90’s. The Kvarken Archipelago and Struve Geodetic Arc are the newest additions to the list that includes for example Fortress of Suomenlinna and wooden town in Old Rauma. Scroll down to read more about the World Heritage sites in Finland.
Contrasts are the main ingredient in Finnish cultural life – like running from a hot sauna to an icy lake, we embrace them to the fullest.
Old Rauma is a typical Scandinavian wooden town. It forms a unified area of historical, single-storey buildings, a partly medieval street network and a viable urban community complete with dwellings, shops and services. Old Rauma was inscribed in 1991.
Suomenlinna is a major monument of military architecture. Suomenlinna is also one of Finland’s most popular tourist attractions. At the same time it is a suburb of Helsinki, with 850 people living in the renovated ramparts and barracks.
The church is an excellent example of Lutheran country church built of logs as a typical example on architectural tradition unique to eastern Scandinavia. The vernacular wooden church, built in 1763-64, has survived in its original form extremely well. The bell tower dates from 1821. The nearby Keuruu and Pihlajavesi churches are from the same period.
The archaeological site of Sammallahdenmäki located in the Lappi parish in Lower Satakunta is an exceptionally valuable monument from the Bronze Age. The site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1999.
The Verla groundwood and board mill is a unique, small-scale industrial complex from the early years of the Finnish wood processing industry. Within its rural setting, the area includes mills, power plants and workers’ housing. Verla was inscribed in 1996.
The Kvarken Archipelago
The Kvarken Archipelago (Finland )and the High Coast (Sweden) are situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the Baltic Sea. The 5,600 islands of the Kvarken Archipelago feature unusual ridged washboard moraines, ‘De Geer moraines’, formed by the melting of the continental ice sheet, 10,000 to 24,000 years ago.
Struve Geodetic Arc
Struve Geodetic Arc (2005) is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian.
In a country where people move en masse to the countryside in the summer and where forest coverage is 75%, it's no wonder ecological tourism has taken off so rapidly and steadily. Old farms are opening their doors to visitors from all over the world and their organic food can be gobbled or just nibbled while watching sheep pasturing in a green meadow.